Regarding treatment, the combination of antipsychotics and antidepressants is often used, but if this shows no improvement, ECT is suggested. Werewolves, Physicians and Rationalization”. Clinical lycanthropy is a very rare condition and is largely considered to be an idiosyncratic expression of a psychotic episode caused by another condition such as schizophrenia , bipolar disorder or clinical depression. If we follow the classification system proposed by Berrios and Luque [ 12 ], our patient follows the criteria of Cotard type I, since no depressive symptoms became evident. This page was last edited on 17 April , at One of these neurological causes is the changes in parts of the brain that are involved in representing body shape, as one neuroimaging study shows: During this treatment we observed an improvement of psychotic symptoms, with a decreased intensity of delusions after two weeks the patient said that he was no longer dead.

He expressed his desire of dying to end all his suffering. Again, the person believes that he or she is has turned into an animal Hallucinations: At age 45 the patient was afraid to leave home, as he thought he would be killed. Could it be a Variant of Lycanthropy? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The influence of culture on those hallucinations is interesting.

This behavior persisted and for periods got worse. A case study [4] described how one individual reported a serial transformation, experiencing a change from human to dog, to horse, and then finally cat, before returning to the reality of human existence after treatment.

Clinical lycanthropy

It crazy how people can have such insane delusions and that culture can influence them. Adjustment disorder with depressed mood. This combination is very rare and has been reported in only a few cases [ 24 — 26 ]. According to Persian traditionthe Buyid prince Majd ad-Dawla was suffering from an illusion that he was a cow. There have been 13 case reports of such people sinceone psychiatrist has found. These patients break with the philosophy of Descartes [ 32 ], for whom one can doubt everything, less of its own existence: Clinical lycanthropy is defined as a rare psychiatric syndrome that clinica a delusion that the affected person can transform into, has transformed into, or is a non-human animal.


There have been cases of transformations into a hyena, cat, horse, bird, or tiger. The patient described in this case report has given informed consent to the publishing of his clinical history. Theoretical explanations of Cotard and Capgras delusions. Upper endoscopy showed esophagitis Los Angeles A.

During mental examination, the patient was found in a pharaonic position, with narrow consciousness, confusion, paralysis of self, derealization, and depersonalization.

However, this current idea of delusions of negation or nihilism does not capture the original concept by Cotard, since shudy is not only about the belief of being dead but also about anxiety, agitation, severe depression, suicidal behavior and other delusive ideas.

clinical lycanthropy case study

Clinical lycanthropy has been seen as a cultural manifestation of schizophrenia due to the first four symptomatic criteria:. He said that he only wanted to eat raw meat, but when it was given to him, he refused it because it was not rotten enough.

Case Reports in Psychiatry

Delusions were diminished and emotional resonance improved. Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment.

Two case studies have been reported. Disorders typically diagnosed in childhood Intellectual disability X-linked intellectual disability Lujan—Fryns syndrome. Notions that lycanthropy was due to a medical condition go back to the seventh century, when the Alexandrian physician Paulus Aegineta attributed lycanthropy to Melancholia or an “excess of black bile”.


clinical lycanthropy case study

Personality disorder Impulse control disorder Kleptomania Trichotillomania Pyromania Dermatillomania Factitious disorder Munchausen syndrome. He did not eat for fear of dying.

Clinical lycanthropy – Wikipedia

He was cured by Gregory the Illuminator. Thus, antidepressants can be useful in patients with affective disorders [ 48 ], and there are studies which show that electroconvulsive therapy ECT was successful [ 2949 — 51 ], leading to proposing it as the treatment of choice.

Affected individuals believe that they are in the process of transforming into an animal or have already transformed into an animal. Alive and Well in the Twentieth Century”.

Where do you find these disorders? Werewolves, Physicians and Rationalization”.

In most cases, the patient will behave in a way that resembles animal behavior, e. New Evidence of its Origin”. However, there are suggestions that certain neurological conditions and cultural influences may result in the expression of the human-animal transformation theme that defines the condition. Over the past decade, various brain imaging studies have pointed to specific brain areas that appear to be essential for creating the sense of physical existence, and perceiving our body schema, Blom said.

All of these produce stabilization of the dopaminergic and serotoninergic systems, which explains its antidepressant and antipsychotic effect. Comments Where do you find these disorders?

When analyzing, three factors were found: